The surname Livingstone is toponymic. It is one of the habitual surnames eventually adopted by members of the Scottish branch of the Irish Dunleavy (Gaelic language Duinnshléibhe)/MacNulty royals, including the ancestors of the African missionary doctor and African explorer David Livingstone. Variants of this surname include Livingston (surname), Levingston, Levingstone, Levinston, Levenston, Levinson, Levenson and Levingstown. There may be a relationship between the Livingstones and Clan MacLea.

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