Born: Chicago, Illinois, USA
Henry Martin Scoop Jackson (May 31, 1912 – September 1, 1983) was a U.S. Congressman (1941–1953) and Senator (from 1953 until his death) from the state of Washington. Jackson was twice a candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination, in 1972 and 1976.A Cold War liberal and anti-Communist Democrat, Jackson supported higher military spending and a hard line against the Soviet Union, while also supporting social welfare programs, civil rights, and labor unions. His political beliefs were characterized by support of civil rights, human rights, and safeguarding the environment, but with an equally strong commitment to oppose totalitarianism in general, and communism in particular. The political philosophies and positions of Scoop Jackson have been cited as an influence on a number of key figures associated with neoconservatism, including Paul Wolfowitz and Richard Perle, both of whom previously served as aides to the Senator. The Henry Jackson Society is named in his honor.
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