Tarana or Taranah (, तराना) is a type of composition in Hindustani classical vocal music in which certain words and syllables (e.g. odani, todani, tadeem and yalali) based on Persian and Arabic phonemes are rendered at a medium (madhya) or fast (drut) pace (laya). It was invented by Amir Khusro (1253-1325 CE), and is similar to the Qalbana form of Sufi poetry. In modern times, the tarana is most commonly associated with the singer Amir Khan, who helped popularize it and researched its origins and the syllables used. Tarana was also used by Sikh tenth Guru Sri Guru Gobind Singh in his compositions like jagardang nagardang bagardang.https://www.sikhnet.com/shabad-printer/20393

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