In Hinduism, Âdityas (आदित्य Ādityá, pronounced aːdɪtjɐ), meaning "of Aditi", refers to the offspring of the goddess Aditi and her husband the sage Kashyapa. The name, Aditya, in the singular, is taken to refer to the Sun God, Surya. The Rig Veda mentions 7 Adityas, along with Martanda, who is considered as the eighth Aditya. The Bhagavata Purana lists a total of twelve Adityas as Sun-gods. In each month of the year a different Aditya is said to shine. According to the Vaishnava tradition of Hinduism, each of these Adityas is a different expression of the Supreme God Vishnu in the form of the Sun-God.

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