Anjar is a town, a tehsil and a municipality in Kutch district in the state of Gujarat, India. It is a town of historic importance, located in Southern Kutch, around 40 km away from one of the biggest ports in India - Kandla Port. With nearly 1,400 years of history, founded around 650 AD, Anjar is claimed to be the oldest town in Kutch.The history of the town is shrouded in mysteries due to lack of written evidences or documentation. Popular stories say that a group of early settlers led by warrior Ajay Pal and temple is located on the outskirts of the town. He is fondly known as the ruler of the town till date.
In the course of history, Chauhan clan lost the power in Anjar. At different points of time in history, the town was ruled by various clans such as Solanki, Vaghela, Chawda, before finally it went to the more powerful warrior clan Jadeja who gained control of whole Kutch region. The town was declared capital of the Kingdom of Kutch in 1545 by King Khengarji I. The town was fortified by Deshalji II early in the eighteenth century. The fort wall was sixteen feet high and six feet thick. In 1800 the town, port, and dependencies of Anjar were granted to Fateh Muhammad, who busied himself in extending its trade and establishing the harbour of Tuna. The town served as the Capital of the Kutch region on and off, until finally a nearby settlement namely Bhuj permanently became the capital city of the region. Anjar then served as second largest settlement in the region, and was pushed to the third rank after the rise of the Kandla Port and nearby Gandhidham city which serves as the powerhouse for the regional economy at present.
On 25 December 1815, Anjar was attacked under Colonel East of British East India Company, and Tuna was occupied on the next day. In the following year the fort and dependent villages were made over to the British and held by them till 1822. Anjar suffered severely from an earthquake in 1819, which destroyed a large number of houses, and thousands of lives. The population shortly afterwards was about 10,000. In 1822, the company government transferred the power of the region back to the Jadeja Rulers in exchange for annual fee. The payments were a burden on the local treasury and the entire burden were paid on its behalf by the British government. The population was 18,014 in 1901.
Due to social segregation, complex social structure and cultural restrictions in the ancient times, most of these clans established their separate wards or neighbourhoods within the town, so that in any neighbourhood of the town you would find houses of only people of a certain clan. However, today the culture has opened up and you might find people of different clans living side by side.
Kutch region, and specifically Anjar suffered several big and small earthquakes in addition to the one in 1819. At an interval of nearly 50 years, there have been small and big earthquakes in the region. Anjar also experienced strong earthquake on 21 July 1956, which had its epicentre near the town and another major earthquake on 26 January 2001, which caused large scale destruction of houses and population. As per records more than 1350 houses were destroyed. Most of the damage occurred to the older constructions in the fortified area of the town where buildings and houses were hundreds of years old. The earthquake claimed more than 1500 lives, and left many more injured. After a decade of rehabilitation work, the town has now recovered from the loss and destruction inflicted by 2001 earthquake.Anjar is located at 23.113424N 70.027744E and has an average elevation of 81 metres away. There are 3 small lakes in different parts of the town which often dry up in the long harsh summers. On the eastern side of the town there's a river named 'Saang' which often dries up in the summer, too.
Anjar is in Gujarat telecom region.
Important Cities close to ANJAR :
, Vadodara (g)
, Chhota udaipur
Providers with 4G coverage in ANJAR :
Providers with 3G coverage in ANJAR :
Mobile recharge and Datacard dealers near Anjar
||Shop No 20 Swami Lilaka Market Nagarpalika Complex Adipur - Kutch - 370205
||Opp. SBI, Nr Municiple garden,Nr. Town Hall, Devdiya Naka
||29,Nagar Palika Complex No 1,Main Bazar,Bhachau
||Shop No-2,Jaysomnath Complex,Opp Dr Ganatra Hospital,Hospital Road,Bhuj - 370001
||3 & 4, ground flr, Rishabh complex, plot no 93, Sector 8, Tagore road, Gandhidham 370210
||Shop No 4,S.D.X.SOUTH 56,Opp. Shikarpuri Mithaiwala,Nr. Jain Temple, Main Bazar,Gandhi ham-370201
|S. S. ENTERPRISES
||Opposite Jain Dadawadi, Varsha Medi Gate, Near Khatri Chowk, Anjar
||Opp Jain DadaWadi, Varsamedi Naka, Anjar.